View Full Version : Incredible ,Breathtaking IRANIAN DESRET 02

10-26-2015, 11:04 AM
Lout Plain, is a vast sandy Desert, encompassing several local basins; every one of which, receive the Surface runoffs of the environs; in inner parts or margins & or in some parts of seasonal/ temporary currents of which, desert fields has been shaped. Generally, comparing to sandy lands, the vastness of Desert in Lout Plain is not that much large; according to which, Lout Desert is quite in contrast with Kavir Plain, consisting mostly of Desert. Therefore as the geographical researches have frequently confirmed, the name of Lout Desert, applied for this region has not been correct, but the name Lout Plain(Geomorphology of Iran, Qumes publication, by Mahmud Ala’ee Taleqani, 1386).
Some works of Human settlement from the Forth Millennium, at the foot of dominated Mounts over Lout Desert have been observed(Shahdad & Historical Geography of Lout Plain, by Dr. Ahmad Mostowfi, 8th publication of Geographical reports, Dey Month of 1351).
Upon nominating this plain, there is no consensus. In an description by Mohammad-Ibn-e Ebrahim, the flee of Qazha retinue, named Lout, has been implied to; also applying to the imaginary town of kalouts. As a result, in the past times, not the whole present Lout Desert has been named Lout, but a part of it.
With no imply to any source, “Sir Persi Sixe” has mentioned that Lout, has been derived of the prophet Lout, son of the prophet Ibrahim brother. The description of Lout Nomad land, in Qoran & Torah, is so similar to Lout Desert; after Lout prophet Curse of which, has become a dry and barren land.
On the other hand, in Turkish Language, the term “Lout” means naked and without anything.
- Kalouts: As a local term, Kalout is applied to very huge ditches, shaped out of waters & winds erosion. Remotely, the region of Kalouts, looks like the ruins of a big city; the other name of which is the adobe Town.
- High Sandy Pyramids: In Lout, sometimes the height of some pyramids, reaches to
480 m.
- Volcano Cone: There are 40 cones of Ko’aterner Volcano in Lout Plain.
- Camel Toe Desert: These lands have the surface, as if wetted after a lot of rain fall, they have been stepped by several camels.
- Hammada: They are the plains covered by sandy soils, with no plants.
- Areas, in the shape of several polygons, shaped out of a thick salty layer & intense evaporation of earth surface.
- Vast sandy areas, with color spectrum of bright brown to grey & black, like: “Barut Godar/ gunpowder pass
The vegetation: Around 20 km from Shahdad, the trees & shrubs of Gaz, have been grown in Lout desert vases, named Nebka or Plant Hills.
The lands, in between Nebkas, are sand-covered. Generally on even surfaces, with average sand level & high underground water level, along with sufficient moisture, the Nebkas are appeared; shaped out of sand, mud, clay, & celts.
Several year old & permanent Nebkas, have the key role over the level of underground water change, wasted waters, evaporation, transpiration and control of wind sediments.
With bigger dimensions, Rebdous, are separated from Nebkas; with the length & width of 2-7 m & 1-5 m, respectively. Except for the dimensions, Rebdous are more complicated than Nebkas, in their form & some times, show several cones, set beside each other. The highest Rebdous are seen in West Lout; the height of which, sometimes reaches to 12 m.
Kavir Plain:
Having been placed at the Iran Flat center, Central Desert(800 km in length, & 600 km in width), also named Chale/puddle of Desert & or Salt Desert, is limited from North to the domains of Central & Eastern Alborz, from West to the Link road of Damqan- Jandaq & Rig-e Jen desert, from East to the Mounts of Pir-e Hajat & Uzbek & from South to contact axis of Khur- Tabas. The most parts of this plain is covered by vast swamps & in the margins, by the sandy hills & scattered heights; the dominant flora of which is generally Halophyte. It’s also considered as one of the thermal poles of the earth; in summer the temperature of which, reaches to 50 degree centigrade; sometimes the difference of day & night temperature of which, reaches to 70 degree centigrade.
National Park of kavir, & that of deserts of Kharturan, Bejestan, Haj Ali Qoli (Damqan), Masile, Maranjab, & Band-e rig are all stationed in this region; the name of which is adapted from its vast desert.
It’s not exactly clear, to which era the term Desrt/ Kavir dates back; the root of which, according to some beliefs, is the Arab Word: Kabir, meaning Big, & so Kavir Plain means A big & vast Desert. Since, this region on the distant past encompassed the herds of zebra, & in Sassanid language the word “kour”, meant simple, of other terms which can be the main root of Desert/Kavir, the terms Gour/ Kour can be implied to, as its Sassanid roots.
Being surrounded by the around mounts like a bowl, also Kappe/Kaffe can be considered as its root; since in Farsi of Pahlavi they meant cup/ bowl. Of other terms, also the word “Kafre” with Arab root, can also be implied to, which yet in African plain, is the name of its deserts/Kavirs.