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Introduction: Bandar Torkaman (Persian: بندرتركمن‎; also Romanized as Bandar-e Torkaman, Bandar-e Torkeman, and Bandar-e Torkman; formerly, Bandar Shah (Persian: بَندَرِ شاه‎), also Romanized as Bandar-e Shāh and Bandar Shāh)

Bandar Torkaman is a city in Golestan province.
At the 2006 census its population was 45,045, in
9,755 families.
The key port on Caspian Sea, Bandar Torkaman, is lo-
cated 375 kilometers from Tehran. The famous Ashoura-
deh Island is some 3 kilometers west of the port.
The economy of Bandar Torkaman is mainly based on
agriculture, handicrafts, animal husbandry, fishing and
tourism, with 50 percent of Iranian caviar being extract-
ed near this port.
Bandar Torkaman is also called “Cotton Island” since
cotton grows abundantly in the region, making the port a
strategic cotton cultivator in the country.
Tourism
In the past, the city was equipped with three major jet-
ties and was used by the Allied Forces during the World
War II for transporting equipment. However, the two jet-
ties have sunk.
At present, due to poor equipment and the gradual de-
cline in water level, Bandar Torkaman, which possesses
only one jetty, is not bustling and is mostly used to com-
municate with Ashouradeh Island.
During Norouz (New Iranian Year) and summers, this
jetty is full of merchants who bring beautiful Torkaman
souvenirs for sale.
Ashouradeh Island is the main tourist attraction in the
region.
During the winter and cold months, Gomishan Wet-
land in Bandar Torkaman enjoys special natural and
geographical features, and hosts thousands of migrating
birds from frozen Siberia.
Birds found in the area include the crane, duck, stork
and goose.
Carpet Weaving
Carpet weaving is not a recreational task, but the main
source of income for the port’s inhabitants.
Cushions, carpets, felt mats, garments and beauti-
ful Torkaman rugs woven in this region are exported
throughout the world.
Torkaman’s cushions and carpets are famous for their
traditional patterns. Felt mat, Jajim (coarse mat) and Pal-
as (coarse woolen clothes), woven by the artful Torka-
mans, are other objects that reflect the region’s tradition
and craft.
Traditions
During mourning ceremonies, communal feasts are
held while rosewater is sprinkled in mosques. On the
first day of the Muslim fasting month of Ramazan, they
bake a special bread and distribute them in mosques and
to neighbors.
On Qadr Night, young ones receive presents from their
elders, mostly in the form of cash. Families buy sweet-
meats and hold a feast at home.
When a child is born, they repeat an old proverb that
says: “If the newborn is a son, he will become a farmer
and if it’s a girl, she will become a carpet weaver.” This
shows the importance they attach to farming and carpet
weaving.
In the past, Torkaman tribes moved from one place to
another, but they did not carry some of their heavy be-
longings and instead buried them in graves. Because of
the sanctity attached to cemeteries, nobody would dare
dig up a grave to steal them.
When courting, the groom must prepare a Qatlama,
which is a special sweetmeat. When the bride’s fam-
ily accepts the Qatlama, it means that they agree to the
wedding. The family of the bridegroom adorns a camel
with colorful clothes and carries the bride to the groom’s
house while riding the animal.
The camel is driven by a respectable elder and at
times by the groom himself. With the arrival of cars,
this tradition has fallen out of practice in many cities.
However, in remote mountainous regions such as Gel-
idagh, Maraveh Tappeh, Dashli Boroun and Kalaleh,
the bride is still carried to her new home as per the
region’s traditions.
In Bandar Torkaman, those who arrive at the age of
63 hold a feast for having attained the age of Islam’s
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and kill a white sheep and
prepare a feast to serve the guests.
Food
Torkamans prepare a variety of dishes. In fact, a spe-
cial place is designated specifically for preparing food.
Chekdirmeh and Soozmeh form the staple diet of
Torkamans, which is made of rice and oil. Among
other dishes, one may refer to Shourba, which is made
of vegetable and boiled meat; Oonash, a soup made of
vermicelli; Qateqliash, which is a kind of soup made
of yoghurt, rice and garlic; Swidliash, composed of
milk and rice; Bulamaq, is made with oil and rice,
while Qatoorqa is made of smoked and ground wheat
rice and sugar.
Source: Iran Daily

Location: a city in and capital of Torkaman County, Golestan Province

Days of trip: (Without air plane) 3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need About 6-7 hr driving from Tehran to Bandar Torkaman – 375 Km)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: No limit,Spring is the best.

Daily time visit: No

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: -

Legal permission need: No

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Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: Yes

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Hotel: Yes

Shop: Yes

Gasoline: Yes

Village: No

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How to get there:
1- Go to Baihaghi terminal of buses in Tehran , Also you can use train.
2- Take a bus ticket to Bandar Torkaman.


Nearest airport: Gorgan or Neka airport.

Nearest train station: Bandar Torkaman Station.