View Full Version : Pir-e Shaliar-Pir Shalyar-pire shaliar in Oraman(Hawraman)

11-11-2015, 11:35 AM

Introduction: Pir-e Shaliar-Pir Shalyar-pire shaliar (Persian: پیرشالیار)

The ancient ritual of Pir-e Shaliar is held annually at Uramantakht Village, Kurdestan province, during Jan. 21-Feb. 19.

Despite the passage of many decades, a large number of people are participating in this year’s ceremony, Mehr News Agency reported.

The region’s people call this ritual “Wedding of Pir-e Shaliar”. The ceremony is indicative of the active participation of people in social and cultural events, and every year it is held more gloriously than in the previous year.

Although this ritual is referred to as a wedding, it is in essence a traditional ceremony during which people pray to God.


Some historians believe this ritual dates back to 1,000 years and others believe it has a higher historical precedence.

After going through high mountains capped with snow and whirling roads along Siravan River, you reach one of the villages of Kurdestan whose architectural style is renowned and is one of the tourism hubs of the country. In fact, the special architectural style of the village and its rich and beautiful natural resources also attract foreign tourists.

In this village, the roof of a house is a courtyard for the house built above it. The unique architecture of this village catches the attention of any visitor. The dominant construction material used in the village, namely stone and mortar, is not used in building its houses.

Some historians believe the term ‘Uraman’ or ‘Houraman’ consists of two parts:’ Houra’ meaning ‘Ahura’ and ‘Man’ meaning house. Hence, Uraman actually means the land of Ahura Mazda.

In the sacred texts of Zoroastrianism known as Avesta, ‘Hour’ means sun and ‘Houraman’ means the position of the sun.

The region has an ancient culture and civilization, and is viewed as part of the ancient Persian civilization with its distinct music, mysticism, literature and rituals.

The people of the village speak the Urami dialect.

Men and women in this village wear a traditional attire in diverse colors. Before the entry of other local textile products and shoes from other parts of Kurdestan province, indigenous weavers wove special foot coverings for the inhabitants of the village.


The Pir-e Shaliar ritual marks the wedding anniversary of a mythical old man (Pir) called Shaliar, which is rooted in mythology and ancient ceremonies of the villagers.

The ritual starts on Tuesday night with the distribution of walnuts from Pir-e Shaliar Garden among the villagers. Then cow, sheep and goat are sacrificed and slaughtered to cook special food.

The villagers play the tambourine, perform mystic dances, recite prayers, pass the leather shoes of Pir-e Shaliar to each other and cook a special bread called ‘Kalireh Mozhgeh’ (made of flour, walnuts and onions) for three days.

Selecting the day for starting the festivities is decided by the custodian of Pir-e Shaliar and this is done by distributing walnuts of the trees that Pir-e Shariar has endowed among the people of Uramantakht Village and surrounding villages.

Participation of People

Children shoulder the task of dividing the walnuts among people. On Wednesday morning, before sunrise, children are divided into groups of three or four. They knock on people’s doors and say the word ‘Kalavrocheneh’. The owner of the house comes out and gives the children sweets and something to eat in return for a few walnuts.

Every year, a large number of sheep are slaughtered on Wednesday morning. The livestock are sent to the custodian in late autumn by some residents of the village who keeps them until winter and then sacrifices them on the day of the ritual.

At times 70 to 80 sheep are sacrificed. After the lamb is distributed among the residents of the village, people make a special soup called ‘Veloshin’. This special soup is divided among the local people and other people who have come to the region on Wednesday after 4 p.m.

On Thursday evening, people perform mystical dances in groups and play the tambourine. The people in charge of the religious ritual belong to the region’s tribes. These people divide the task of holding the ritual among themselves and each tribe does its own job during the festivities.

The ritual continues until Friday and before Friday prayers. On Friday morning, people gather in Pir-e Shaliar Mausoleum and after reciting group prayers, go to the mosque.

The fact that different people participate in this unique ritual shows how inhabitants of the village work together in a cordial ambiance.

This year also the ritual was held in the presence of some 20,000 people of the province and a large number of domestic and foreign tourists.

Despite rainfall and snowfall, people participated in the ritual wholeheartedly.

(Source: Iran Daily)


Location: Oraman village,Kordestan province

Days of trip: (Without air plane) 2-3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need About 10-12 hr driving from Tehran to Oraman village)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: during Jan. 21-Feb. 19

Daily time visit: No limit

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: (Depend on your plan) Guide or GPS track, water, food, warm and waterproof clothes and tent, waterproof shoes, headlamp

Legal permission need: No


Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: No


Hotel: No

Shop: Yes

Gasoline: No


How to get there:
1- Go to Baihaghi or South terminal of buses in Tehran (more info), Also you can use air plane or train.
2- Take a bus ticket to Sanandaj or Marivan.
3- Take a taxi to Oraman village (4wd vehicle is a best choose)

Nearest airport: No airport less than 100 km

Nearest train station: No station less than 100 km

11-11-2015, 11:37 AM