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RAMBO
12-27-2015, 10:59 AM
Due to being located in trade route of Central Asia, and having different facilities Iran has a good opportunity to have a trade relations with Turkey, Afghanistan, Iraq and Central Asia, therefore there is a good opportunity to take advantage of Commersial Tourism in Iran. There are lots of exhibition and conference facilities in Tehran, Mashhad, Tabriz, Isfahan, Shiraz and several major cities along the accommodation and transport facilities for the development of this type of tourism.

There are seven Free Trade, Industrial & Special Economic Zones in Iran as following:
1. Kish Trade-Industrial Free Zone
Kish Island has a surface area of 90 square kilometers, with an outer boundary of 40kms, and a nearly elliptical shape. It is located in the Persian Gulf 19kms from mainland Iran. The Island is positioned along the 1359km long Iranian coastline north of the Persian Gulf, at the first quarter from the Hormuz entrance to the Gulf. Its longitudinal and latitudinal positions are 2632 and 53.58 degrees respectively. The Island is 15.45kms long from west coast to the east coast. Its maximum width extending from the southern shorelines to the northern shorelines is 7.5kms. The island's surface is flat, lacking mountains or even high hills.
Kish Island is located on the most important international sea trade routes in the Persian Gulf and at the centre of the largest market in the region. Therefore, investing in Kish for the transfer of goods and services to other parts of the Persian Gulf is well justified. Moreover, suitable hardware and software facilities and the expansion of trade and financial facilities in the region have created good opportunities for the development of commercial activities in the region. Modern shopping and services centers, the harbor, the strategic position of Kish (easy access to production and consumer markets), providing legal and potential facilities to create and expand monetary and financial institutions, and the good and services exchange markets have all in all created a remarkable capacity for trade in the region. Also, one of the policies for the development of the region is the expansion of trading and commercial services. According to adopted guidelines, numerous exhibitions are staged in Kish annually.
2. Qeshm Trade-Industrial Free Zone
The largest Island in the Persian Gulf, Qeshm is situated at the mouth of the strait of Hormoz, 22 kms from Bandar Abbas and 220 kms from the UAE. The total area of this Free Zones is 300 sq. kms.
The rich natural gas reserve of the Island, refined in Gavarzin Refinery, provides all the gas used in the area. Above that, other oil and gas reserves have been explored around the Island. The Island's deep coast enables the construction of quays for high tonnage vessels.
Qeshm Island by placing in the way of passing ships has special status in terms of bunkering project. Totally, we can list some of its benefits as follows:
(1) Low distance from international passing way of ships so ships deviation from route for fueling is so short around 3 Km,
(2) Having sufficient region for fueling operations with 30-50 meters depth which is the most safe and reliable depth for anchorage,
(3) Closing to BANDAR-ABBAS refinery as main supplier of its crude oil and high quality of this refinery products and SHAHID RAJAEI port availability,
(4) Using of Labor Law benefits because of Qeshm free zone laws.
(5) Existence of sufficient land for storage construction and ability to south island jetty exploiting for loading terminal construction of fueling fleets.
(6) Existence of native and cheap workman for all trading and servicing operations.
(7) Exploiting from Island infra-structure facilities like International Airport in order to offering services related to fleets crew exchanging; KAVEH port for equipments transferring, road network, Power distribution, and telecommunication associated with data services.
3. Chabahar Trade-Industrial Free Zone
As large as 14,000 ha, Chabahar Free Zone is located and established at east Chabahar gulf, in the vicinity of Chabahar Port City and Oman sea and 70th km of Pakistan border. Some part of its land area has been allocated for industrial activities while the rest part has been earmarked for trade, commercial services, residential, tourism and green area activities.
As complementary cycle of eastern transit route of country, thanks to its specific status, Chabahar Free Zone is considered as development of eastern route in national dimension and as a communication bridge of central Asian states and southeastern Asian countries in ultra-national dimension for entrance to the global markets coupled with moving in tandem with globalization. It should be noted that Chabahar Free Trade Zone enjoys specific Strategic and prominent situation. It is regarded as an important gate of country for entering international waters and also origin of noncompetitive transit routes with vast lands and also with investment opportunities in various fields.
4. Aras Trade-Industrial Free Zone
Jolfa district is located in the north-west of Eastern-Azerbaijan province, between 45º and 17´ till 46º and 31´ in eastern longitude and between 38º and 39´ till 39º and 2´ in northern latitude. It shapes a narrow strip on the northern border of the province and the Republic of Nakhjovan and Aremenia. The area is 1670.31 square kilometers.
Jolfa city is situated on the south bank of Aras river on the north-west of the county. From the north side, the city is attached to The Independent Republic of Nakhjovan, by Aras river and from the south to the farm lands of 'Shoja' and 'Haghverdi Abad' villages and the surrounding mountains, from the east to 'Ouch Dagh' and 'Pilo Dagh' mountains. This city is located on 45º and 38´ in longitude and 38º and 56´ in latitude. The distance between Jolfa and Tehran is about 750 km.

Aras free-zone has a significant role in the 20-year overview due to the following facts: joint border with the countries of Azerbaijan, Armenia and Nakhjevan independent republic; Connecting lines and roads with Europe and Ghafghaz region, Turkey, Mediterranean region, and being located in international transportation corridors; A significant historical and economical history; appropriate climate; rich water resources; grazing fields and jungles; capabilities for developing tourism in the fields of history, culture, nature and international sports; a high potential for development and growth in industry, mining, agriculture, services, science and education.
5. Anzali Trade-Industrial Free Zone
Anzali Free Trade-Industrial Zone is a wide area of Bandar Anazli about 3200 hectares and about 8 kilometers of sea border and up to 2 kilometers into the sea, which included industrial ,trade and commercial ,tourism and services sections.
Anzali Free Zone borders line is clear on the Gilan province map. This area is about 23 kilometers on the Eest of Bandar Anzali.
The Caspian sea is on the north of Free Zone. The Fatato village and Ghazian of Anzali are on the South. Anzali lagoon is on the East.
Anzali Free Zone is constituted in 2 separate sections in the west and east of Bandar Anzali, each part has its own specific potentials.
* Potentials of east part are:
Existence of docks, shipping and ports organization and facilities, customs office, industrial city, natural territory and properties, adjacent to Anzali international lagoon.
* Potentials of west part are:
Existence of beautiful natural lands and properties for cultivation of summer crops, less populated area, easy access to beaches and recreation facilities, as well as some rice fields.
6. Maku Free Trade Zone
Maku is a town in the northwestern Iranian province of West Azerbaijan. The Karasu River in Turkey lies to its north, and Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, an exclave of the Republic of Azerbaijan, is to its east. Turkey and the Iranian town of Khoy are to its west and south respectively.
The Zangmar River cuts through the town nestled in a valley. The southern part of Maku, located in the foothills of Sabad Mountain, is not fully developed, but the northern section is much larger and better developed.
7. Arvand Trade-Industrial Free Zone
The region, suggested to be considered as the Arvand free zone, consists of 3 zones in an area of 170 square kilometers, is located on the southwestern part of Khuzistan province along the border river, the Arvand River. Iranian & Iraqi border –line where the border customs is located and Abadan refinery constitute the borders on the western – eastern ends of the region. The Arvand River runs from the North West to the southeast, pours into the Persian Gulf after twists and turns on the way and surrounding the Minoo Island. The Arvand River constitutes most of the southern and eastern parts of the Arvand free zone.
AFZ enjoys the following geographical advantages for industrial development:
• Bordering the most important sources of Oil and Gas in the country and, at the same time, in the world.
• An abundance of oil & water-power based energies in the region as a prerequisite for industrial development.
• An abundance of Energy sources and surface waters in the region , make it possible to build water & energy- consuming installations as well as the sugar industry
• The industry in the region dates back to the construction of the Abadan refinery.
• Situated in the heart of natural sources, oil industry, railways and fertile soils.
• The region surrounding AFZ enjoys the sources e.g., water, soil, oil and mines that can be extracted for industrial purposes and create industrial groups.
• Industrial merits for building oil & petrochemical- based by-products industry. Because, the main oil & petrochemical industries are situated in the region.
• AFZ takes advantage of infrastructures e.g. commerce, transportation and port facilities in Bandar Imam Khomeini.
• Basra – Khorramshahr railway is under construction and the plans drawn up for Khorramshahr – Bandar Imam Khomeini – Mahshahr rail way . Thus, the international and national railways are connected for industrial development of AFZ.
• AFZ enjoys a unique geographical position to access the international waters by way of the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea.
• Air, Railway and Road transports for promoting commerce and industry.
• The strategic position of AFZ to promote commerce and industry with East – Asian countries and the Persian gulf‘s littoral states as well as European – Caucasian continent.
• AFZ is bordered by Iraq and this country is importing different types of industrial products during the re-construction period.
• AFZ is just 30 and 15 minutes drive from the strategic port of Basra and Shalamcheh border-line as a point for industrial exports to Iraq respectively.
• AFZ benefits the special laws appropriate for zones, land handover and related investment and infrastructures.
• The site enjoys an underlying base or foundation special for all types of activities.
• The lands are suitable for building industrial units.
• An area sloping gently toward the Persian Gulf.
• This region is not subject to earthquakes.
• An area with certain weather conditions.