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Thread: Arzhan and Parishan

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    Arzhan and Parishan



    Introduction: Arzhan and Parishan

    The protected zones of Arzhan and Parishan are situated 60 kilometers west of Shiraz in the vicinity of an important road that connects Shiraz to the provinces of Khuzestan and Bushehr.

    Following the world conference on marshlands and migratory birds in 1971 and after evaluating the condition of Iran’s marshlands from the view of bird diversity and landscapes, Arzhan and Parishan zones were selected for world marshland studies, IRIB reported.

    Hence, a zone with an area of 191,000 hectares was chosen as an international park with Arzhan and Parishan lakes located in the middle.

    Since this was a very ambitious project, it faced many social and environmental difficulties. The biggest problem was the plan for the relocation of tribes and villagers living close to the park.

    Subsequently, the area was reduced to 91,000 and later to 65,000 hectares. The zone was later called Arzhan and Parishan National Park.

    Chahbarghi Peak is the highest point in Arzhan and Parishan protected zones.



    Parishan Lake

    If you move a few hundred meters downward, you will see oak trees over a major part of the land.

    The lowest area includes the lands surrounding Parishan Lake where Konar (Arabian jujube) trees used to grow there. But there are few such trees nowadays in the area.

    Plains close to Parishan Lake are warm and the temperature there may go beyond 45 degrees centigrade. But the temperature in the area close to Arzhan Lake, which is situated in the north at a height of 2,000 meters, is very cold in winter.

    The precipitation in Arzhan area is mostly in the form of snow and you will see the snow on the ground till spring due to freezing weather.

    Generally speaking, even though Arzhan Lake is 15 kilometers away from Parishan Lake, the temperature there is approximately 15 degrees cooler than Parishan in any season of the year.

    Parishan Lake is one of the most beautiful Iranian lakes with an area of approximately 4,000 hectares. The landscape is eye-catching due to the lake’s proximity to mountains covered with forests. Its water is relatively sweet.

    The presence of thousands of birds that migrate to the area from Siberia and certain regions in northern Iran has doubled the beauty of the lake.

    Arzhan Lake

    Arzhan Lake is smaller than Parishan Lake but equally beautiful. The area changes in proportion with the annual precipitation.

    The area of Arzhan Lake exceeds 2,000 hectares when it experiences a high level of precipitation. Lower precipitation turn the lake area into humid grasslands.

    The areas surrounding Parishan and Arzhan lakes are known as one of the best areas for hunting in Fars province.

    You will also come across the names of these lakes if you go through old geography books and travelogues.

    The area has an excellent status from the perspective of forests and pastures.



    Important Habitats

    The area used to be the habitat of Iranian lion. A number of lions lived in this area till 70 years ago. But the generation of Iranian lion later faced extinction due to the destruction of the habitat and growing hunting activities.

    There are major differences between the Iranian lion and African lion, with traces of Iranian lion found in India.

    Even though major changes have taken place in the area compared to what has been described in travelogues, the lakes of Arzhan and Parishan remain valuable locations in this protected zone.

    Different bird species spend the winter in this area, such as crane, goose, stork and black stork.

    Other birds like pelican and certain species of ducks facing the danger of extinction also spend the winter season here.

    Both lakes are well known throughout the world and global research institutions attach importance to these lakes so much so that international organizations termed this region an important area for birds several years ago. Experts have spotted hundreds of birds in this area.

    Certain species of eagles have also been spotted in the area. There are diverse species of birds living in this region and due to its climatic diversity, you can find birds whose habitats are tropical and mountainous forests. So far, 263 species of birds have been identified in these zones.

    More than 50 species of mammals have been identified in this area such as wolves, foxes, rabbits, ewes, jackals and wild boars.

    Iran’s Department of Environment has in recent years made great efforts for saving the Iranian yellow deer from extinction in this area, which has added to its importance.

    The diverse species of plants found in Arzhan and Parishan protected zones are mainly due to the existence of high mountains, plains and marshlands with salty and sweet water.

    A large number of plants endangered in the Zagros region thrive in this region.

    Source: Iran Daily


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    Location: 60 kilometers west of Shiraz in the vicinity of an important road that connects Shiraz to the provinces of Khuzestan and Bushehr.

    Walking path length: Depends on your plan

    Days of trip: 3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need 12 hr driving from Tehran to Shiraz and 2 hr to the lake.

    Best time to visit: May to October

    Daily time visit: No limit, but in summer middle of the day maybe hot

    Difficulty level: Depend on your plan

    Requirements: (Depend on your plan) Guide or GPS track, water, food, warm and waterproof clothes and tent, waterproof shoes, satellite phone, headlamp

    Legal permission need:


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    Overall risk: -

    Animal risk: No

    Lost risk: Depend on your plan maybe Yes/No

    Rescue: Yes, you can call 115

    GSM Mobile Antenna: Depend on your plan maybe Yes/No


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    Hotel: in Shiraz City Yes

    Village:

    Shop: in Shiraz City Yes

    Gasoline: in Shiraz City Yes


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    How to get there:
    1- Go to Baihaghi or south terminal of buses in Tehran
    2- Take a bus ticket to Shiraz(Distance from Tehran to Shiraz is 931 Km )
    3- Take a taxi from Shiraz to the Arzhan & Parishan(Distance from Shiraz to Arzhan & Parishan is 60 Km )


    Nearest airport: Shiraz airport

    Nearest train station: Shiraz station

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