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Thread: Geo Tourism

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    Geo Tourism

    Four season in one region
    Iran, a Middle Eastern country south of the Caspian Sea and north of the Persian Gulf, is three times the size of Arizona. It shares borders with Iraq, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Armenia, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. The Elburz Mountains in the north rise to 18,603 ft. (5,670 m) at Mount Damavend. From northwest to southeast, the country is crossed by a desert 800 mi (1,287 km) long.
    Iran is one of the only countries in the world which has the complete four season. The land who’s every inch needs deep evaluation. Its north is covered with evergreen forests and a beautiful lake with moderate climate, its south is led to the Persian Gulf, with hot and humid climate, beautiful and attractive palm trees, its east with a hot desert and running sand, with its nights full of stars and the west of this vast land with mountains high in the sky, attracts the attention of every visitor. Iran plate has a lot of geographic attractions and biodiversity which made it specific for geotouristic approaches.
    Capital Tehran
    Area 1,648,196 sq km
    Land boundaries 4,137 km
    Sea boundaries 2,700 km (Including the Caspian Sea)
    River boundaries 1,918 km
    Border countries Afghanistan, Azerbaijan (Nakhichevan), Armenia, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan
    Climate Mostly arid or semi-arid, temperate along Caspian coast and mountainous temperate along west and north-west.
    Natural resources Petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur
    Land use (1998):
    Arable land 300,000 sq. Km 18.2%
    Meadows and pastures 900,000 sq. Km 54.6%
    Forest and woodland 120,000 sq. Km 7.3%
    Other 258,000 sq. Km 15.7%
    Irrigated land 70,000 sq. Km 4.2%
    Agricultural products Wheat, rice, barley, potato, grains, sugar-beet, cotton, fresh & dried fruits, dates, pistachio, fruits, nuts, poultry, meat, dairy products, wool; caviar, flowers and medicinal plants.
    Population 76.03 million (2012)
    Population growth rate 1.34% (2012)
    Religions Muslim 99.56%
    Zoroastrian, Christian & Jewish 0.44%
    Languages Persian and Persian dialects, Azeri, Kurdish, Lori, Baloochi, Arabic
    Literacy (2011) Total 84.2%
    Currency Rial (IRR)
    GDP 448.2 billion US$ (2010)
    GDP per capita 6030 US$ (2010)
    GDP growth rate 6.4 % (2010)
    Total Imports 53451 million US $ (2012)
    Total Exports 98033 million US $ (2012)
    Foreign Direct Investment 4870 million US $ (2012)
    Industries Oil and gas, steel, aluminum, copper, electric and electronic equipment, cement & other building materials, metallurgy, home appliances, iron, textile, rugs and carpets, tapestry, miniature, ceramic, food processing (particularly sugar refining & vegetable oil production), petrochemicals, and car manufacturing & assemblies
    Electricity Production: 232,955 GWH (2010)
    Transportation:
    Railways networks 12000 km (2013)
    Road networks 220000 km (2013)
    Ports 11 commercial ports
    Airports 54


  2. #2
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    1. Alborz Mount
    The term “Alborz Mountains” has been loosely used in reference to all of the mountains of northern Iran, from the Turkish border to the northwest, to the border with Afghanistan to the northeast (a distance of more than 1500 km).
    [IMG]file:///C:/Users/K1017~1.AFT/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.jpg[/IMG]
    The Alborz Mountains gain their maximum height and density along the southern shores of the Caspian Sea where they create a formidable barrier that separates the coastal plains from the internal plateau of Iran. Close proximity to the Caspian coast has created a steamy lush environment on the coastal plains and the northern-most slopes of the mountains. In some places (near the coastal towns of Ramsar and Noshahr), the strip of land between the mountains and the sea is no more than one kilometer wide.

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    2. Badab-Sourt Springs
    The Badab-Sourt Natural Spring is located south of Sari and is considered one of the most incredible sights of its region. It is at a height of 1,841 meters above sea level and just west of the village or Orost. It is believed that the spring was created during the Paleocene Era and at the same time as the latest folds in the Alborz mountain range. The Badab-Sourt Spring is actually comprised of two separate springs with completely different colored and scented water. The first spring contains very salty water that gathers in a small natural pool.

    During the summers locals swim in the pool and believe its water is useful for curing back aches, rheumatism and skin diseases. The second spring has a sour taste and is predominately orange mainly due to the large iron oxide sediments at its outlet. Over the course of thousands of years the water from these two springs emanating from the mountain range have combined and resulted in a number of orange, red and yellow colored pools shaped as a naturally formed staircase. The surrounding vegetation to the north consists of pine trees forests while to the east we mainly see short trees and shrubs. To the west are rock quarries.
    3. HIRKANI JUNGLE
    At the beginning of the third period of Geology (about 65 million years ago) an ice age happened. Many plants destroyed, but not all of them, for there are always some exceptions too. Imagine these days that you walking in a place belonging to some million years ago and watch all of the odd trees and plants.

    Fortunately this place really there is in our world right now and today. The Hirkani jungle in north of Iran is the most rare and unique places in all over the world.The Hirkani jungle because of nature kindness, Caspian sea moisture and Albourz mountains. And now they are older than any jungle in world even Amazon،Sumatra, Guinea jungles. Certainly, we can call Hirkani jungles as “Grandfather of all the jungles”. It is not odd if we call them “the most worthy treasure of plants in world”. There are 80 species of wooden trees as well as 50 species of shrubs & hundreds species of herbs there. Also we can see the rarest species of Acorn, Elm, Wild cherry and Yew and so on that just have seen in this place.
    Last edited by RAMBO; 09-07-2016 at 01:50 PM.

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    4. Sabalan Spa
    Sabalan is an inactive volcano in Ardabil province of northwestern Iran. It is the third highest mountain in Iran and has a permanent crater lake formed at its summit. Sabalan has a ski resort (Alvares) and different tourist areas such as the Sarein spa. Sabalan has aGlacier in it’s on the north face
    that is one of places for Alpine climbing in Iran.

    The mountain is known for its beautiful vistas, including the Shirvan gorge, where few climbers ever venture. According to some beliefs, the Mount Sabalan was the place where Zoroaster meditated for some years, so Mt. Savalan is one of the important sacred places in Zoroastrianism. Sabalan also has about 120 springs which are used as spa.

    5. Shirvandare
    This valley is a long and relatively deep valley with controversial views on the northern slopes of Sabalan volcano landscape is very beautiful and astonishing that the binding effects of weathering and erosion in volcanic pyroclastic deposits Sabalan emerged. Causing erosion are beautiful forms. Diversity of this region in terms of beautiful geological phenomena among the most amazing parts of the country is considered and can be valuable in the World Heritage List UNESCO as one of the country Geopark world record is introduced.

    6. Kandovan Village
    Kandovan is located in 62 km South West of Tabriz in Osku County. Kandovan is one of three rocky villages in the world which still there is life in there. Despite its geo tourism potential, and being located in the western slopes of Sahand Mountain, Kandovan possess archeological resources, the climatic and geomorphologic phenomena. It was identified that rocky houses in terms of value added and scientific value have higher priorities than any other existing geo sites by aesthetic aspect and attractiveness of these houses.
    Last edited by RAMBO; 09-07-2016 at 01:50 PM.

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    7. Zagros Mount
    Mountain range in southwestern Iran, extending northwest-southeast from the border areas of eastern Turkey and northern Iraq to the Strait of Hormuz. The Zagros range is about 990 miles (1,600 km) long and more than 150 miles (240 km) wide. Situated mostly in what is now Iran, it forms the extreme western boundary of the Iranian plateau, though its foothills to the north and west extend into adjacent countries. The mountains are an imposing natural barrier and have traditionally provided the boundary between cultural and political entities, including the early Mesopotamian and Median cultures, the Parthian and Roman empires, and, more recently, the Persian and Ottoman empires.

    The mountains and foothills that approach the range are home to a significant portion of Iran’s population, including, in addition to ethnic Persians, significant numbers of Assyrian Christians, Kurds, and Turks as well as Lurs, Bakhtyārī, and Qashqāʾī tribal groups. The traditional economy is based largely on animal husbandry, and the production of high-quality rugs and carpets has long been a mainstay of the region. Large reserves of petroleum are located in or near the southwestern foothills.
    8. Geno Springs
    There are at least 40 springs in the region, which provide the water needs of the wild life throughout the year. Some of these springs are used by the local villagers for farming and for drinking water. The area abounds in citrus gardens and palm trees. Geno's geysers or hot water springs are also famous for their healing effects. These springs attract the local people and tourists and every year many people travel to the area to for treatment of their ailments.

    The hot springs of Geno are located in a green area with high and low plains, palm trees, and picturesque spots. If planned very well, the region can become one of the main tourist attractions of Iran. It is worth knowing that the Geno protected area is exclusive in terms of vegetation since it has a wide variety of plants that thrive in different climatic conditions. Thus it is the only known place in Iran, which could be called a botanical treasure trove.
    9. Qeshm Island
    The identification of archeological sites on a large scale on the mountainous areas of Qeshm Island with a magnificent precedence of several thousand years was a significant step in the recognition of the “Qeshm geopark” by UNESCO as global heritage. Qeshm geopark to a large extent covers the mountainous areas on the western part of the island covering an area of about 30000ha. Since its establishment in 2004 many activities were undertaken by the QFA for the protection of the area, for example any intervention in the areas has been prohibited and the boundaries have been mapped with cooperation of the village councils of neighboring villages.

    During the selection and identification of the boundaries, all efforts was made to keep the integrity of villages, farms, personal land, by keeping them outside the geopark boundaries. The Natural Environment, The Terrestrial Environment, Mountains and the Geopark, Vertebrates and Wildlife, The Marine Environment, Mangrove Forest, Marine Mammals such as Common Dolphins, Hump-backed Dolphin, and Bottle-nosed Dolphins, Coral reefs, Marine Turtle such as Green Turtle Hawskbill Tuetle, Leatherhead Turtle, Loggerhead Turtle, and Olive Ridley Turtle, has already been shown that Qeshm Island has an amazing nature with many biodiversity hotspots.
    10. Mars Mount of Chabahar
    Situated 40 to 50 km from Chabahar, these mounts are also known as Martian (Merrikhi) Mountains . They have been stretched out parallel to the Makran sea (Oman sea , starting from Kachoo up to the proximity of Gwater Gulf. These Miniature Mounts are extremely beautiful and considered as the symbols of the unique geo-morphological phenomena of this region of the country.
    In the past, Merrikhi Mountains were buried under piles of soil and became visible after a long passage of time. The geometric patterns of the mountains have been created by rapid soil erosion
    caused by wind and rain, as if a skilled painter has carved them. The phenomenon, however, prevents the growth of plants in the region.

    11. Meymand Village
    Located near to Shahr -e- Babak city in Kerman Province, the Village consists of a number of amazing natural and manmade caves that are still used today for housing and shelter. Currently a scarce population of about 150 people continue to live there. The origins of Meymand date back to the time when the inhabitants of the Persian plateau had not yet started to bury their dead in traditional graves but rather placed them inside crypts carved in the mountain.

    Meymand Village is one of the oldest continually inhabited places in Iran. The inhabitants are semi-nomadic shepherds, some of whom own village land that is occupied in winter, whereas in summer the population moves to higher pastures. The local language contains many words from the ancient Sassanid and Pahlavi languages, the language barely changing due to the isolation of the village. The economy of the villagers is based on agriculture, animal husbandry and carpet weaving; but carpet weaving is more important to the extent that Meymand carpets enjoy international fame. Since carpet weaving is prevalent in the area, other related jobs such as dyeing, felt making, weaving of gilims and crochet working are common too.
    12. Lout Desert
    The Lut Desert, or Dasht-e-Lut, is located in the south-east of the country. Between June and October, this arid subtropical area is swept by strong winds, which transport sediment and cause aeolian erosion on a colossal scale. Consequently, the site presents some of the most spectacular examples of aeolian yardang landforms (massive corrugated ridges). It also contains extensive stony deserts and dune fields. The property represents an exceptional example of ongoing geological processes.

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    13. Iran mines
    In natural resource Iran is one of the top 10 country in the world. Copper, iron ore and heavy rare earth elements could be worth "much more" than Iran's crude oil revenues, Mine and Trade tells Bloomberg. Iran is opening $29 billion of mining projects to foreign investors once international sanctions are lifted, roughly equal the oil and gas investments up for grabs. Iran has more than 3,000 active mines, mostly privately owned, according to Khosrowtaj. There are 34 mines in Iran which include:
    1 - Angouran(Lead and Zinc Ore)

    2 - Big Pabdana

    3 - Chadormalou(Iron Ore)

    4 - Choghart(Iron Ore)

    5 - Darreh Zanjir(Lead and Zinc Ore)

    6 - Esfordi Phosphate(Phosphate)

    7 - Eshkli(Coal)

    8 - Fajr Mazinoy(Coal)

    9 - Ghalat Sh 3(gabro dioryte and synite)

    10 - Gol Gohar Iron(Iron Ore)

    11 - Goushfild(Lead and Zinc Ore)

    12 - Hamkar(Coal)

    13 - Hashouni(Coal)

    14 - Hojedk(Coal)

    15 - Kamsar(Coal)

    16 - Kolah Darvazeh(Lead and Zinc Ore)

    17 - Koushk(Lead and Zinc Ore)

    18 - Maskani(Copper)

    19 - Meidouk(Copper)

    20 - Pabdana - First Coal (Coal)

    21 - Sangroud Loshan(Coal)

    22 - Sarcheshmeh(Copper)

    23 - Semnan Poshteh Barite (Barite)

    24 - Shakhdan(gabro diorite)

    25 - Shorjeh Belagh (Industrial Clay)

    26 - Soungoun Ahar (Copper)

    27 - Southern Pabdana(Coal)

    28 - Taghdimi Salt Mine (Salt)

    29 - Takab Dolomite

    30 - Talk-e- Gran Gosal(Talc)

    31 - Tappeh Sorkh (Lead and Zinc Ore)

    32 - Tazareh(Coal)

    33 - Venarch(Manganese Ore)

    34 - Zirab(Coal)

  7. #7
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    SABALAN SPA



    BADAB SOURT



    SHIRVAN DAREH


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    Geno Springs



    Zagros Mount



    Kandovan


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    Meymand Village

    Mars Mount of Chabahar


    Qeshm Island


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    LUT DESERT


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