Iran, formally the Islamic Republic of Iran is located in Western Asia bordered by countries like Afghanistan and Pakistan in the east, Turkmenistan in the north, Iraq in the west and Armenia, Turkey and Azerbaijan in the northwest. In the south it is bounded by Gulf of Oman and Persian Gulf. Caspian Sea borders the country in the north. Iran is the eighteenth largest country of the world with a total area of 1,648,195 sq.km. It has a 2240 km long coastline. The Geographic Coordinates of the country are 32 00N and 53 00 E. Tehran, its capital city is also the largest city of the country.

Iran has mostly arid and semi-arid climate. Iran is a multicultural country with wide diverse ethnic groups. Iran’s oil reserve makes it an upper middle income group country. Tourism sector in Iran though gets impacted by its war with neighboring Iraq, the country’s vast wildlife and mesmerizing natural landscape has a lot to offer to its visitors.