The music of the Bakhshis of Khorasan, The Pahlevani and Zoorkhanei rituals, The ritual dramatic art of Ta‘zīye, Traditional skills of carpet weaving in Fars, Traditional skills of carpet weaving in Kashan were listed during the fifth session of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage held in Nairobi, Kenya.

In Khorasan Province, the Bakhshis are renowned for their musical skill with the dotār, a two-stringed, long-necked lute. They recount Islamic and Gnostic poems and epics containing mythological, historical or legendary themes. Their music, known as Maghami, consists of instrumental and/or vocal pieces, performed in Turkish, Kurdish, Turkmen and Persian. Navāyī is the most widespread magham: diverse, vocal, rhythmless, accompanied by Gnostic poems. Other examples include the Turkish maghams Tajnīs and Gerāyelī, the religious themes of Shākhatāyī, and Loy, an antique romantic magham, belonging to the Kormanj Kurds of Northern Khorasan.

The Persian Passion Play or Ta'zieh is a ritual dramatic art that recounts religious events, historical and mythical stories and folk tales through poetry, music, song and motion.

Persian carpets are the best of their kind throughout the world and carpet weavers in Iran's Fars Province and the city of Kashan are among the most prominent producers of the stunning handicraft.

The wool for the carpets is usually shorn by local men in spring or autumn and women are mostly in charge of the weaving.

Zurkhaneh (house of strength) is an ancient Persian gymnasium where the Sport of Heroes, which combines pre-Islamic Persian culture with the spirituality of Sufism, is practiced.

The place is a unique sports club, where a man's physical improvement is considered vital for spiritual enlightenment.

The rituals of the Sport of Heroes date back to the Parthian era and symbolize Persian ideals about spiritual growth, masculinity, religious devotion and physical prowess.

The Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding list is composed of intangible heritage elements that concern communities and require urgent measures to keep them alive.

Inscriptions on the list help mobilize international cooperation and assistance for stakeholders to undertake appropriate safeguarding measures.

Tradition of Persian New Year, (Nowruz) and the Radif of Iranian music, the traditional repertoire of the classical music of Iran, were also inscribed on the list during the previous meeting of the committee in Abu Dhabi.

Tags: intangible heritage iran, unesco